Core-shell nanoparticles in electronic capacitor applications
Provided is an electrostatic capacitor-like electronic battery comprising a high dielectric-strength matrix separating a first electrode from a second electrode and, dispersed in said high-dielectric strength matrix, a plurality of core-shell nanoparticles, each of said core- shell nanoparticles having a conductive core and an insulating shell.
Publication number: EP2507805A2 | Search similar patents
Asymmetric electrochemical capacitor and method of making
An asymmetric electrochemical capacitor has at least a larger capacitance electrode and a smaller capacitance electrode, with an electrolyte therebetween. The larger capacitance electrode has a larger absolute capacitance than the smaller capacitance electrode. The capacitor thus has an overall capacitance which is approximately the absolute capacitance of the smaller capacitance electrode. The electrodes may be made of different materials, with the larger capacitance electrode made of the material having a larger specific capacitance. The larger capacitance electrode may thus be the same physical size as or smaller than the smaller capacitance electrode.
Publication number: US6222723B1 | Search similar patents
Electrical energy storage device with damping function
An electrical energy storage device with damping function is a capacitor-cell battery formed of a plurality of capacitor cells connected in either series or parallel. Each of the capacitor cells includes a supercapacitor and a pseudocapacitor. The supercapacitor is a non-polarized capacitor internally having a separator, and the pseudocapacitor is a polarized electrochemical capacitor. The supercapacitor and the pseudocapacitor are electrically connected in parallel. The supercapacitor has a capacity close to or equal to that of the pseudocapacitor. When charging the capacitor-cell battery, the supercapacitor in every capacitor cell produces a polarization effect, so that electrical energy is charged thereinto as a result of voltage. And, due to a potential balance between the supercapacitor and the pseudocapacitor, the electrical energy charged into the supercapacitor is rapidly transformed into electric current that flows into and is stored in the pseudocapacitor.
Publication number: US9461483B1 | Search similar patents
Supercapacitor based on mno2 and tio2 composites
A capacitor includes first and second electrodes and a porous dielectric between the first and second electrodes and an MgNO3 based aqueous electrolyte. At least one of the electrodes comprises a composite of MnO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles or a composite of ?-MnO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles or a composite of ?-MnO2, TiO2, and carbon nanoparticles.
Publication number: WO2011078901A1 | Search similar patents
Electrodes for electrochemical capacitor and electrochemical capacitor including the same
An electrode for an electrochemical capacitor including a carbon material that is doped and two types of conductive materials with different particle sizes, and an electrochemical capacitor including the same. The doped carbon material is used as the active material and the two types of conductive materials with different particle sizes are added between the active materials with a relatively large particle size, so that the electrode with high density can be prepared by increasing the amount of active material per unit volume, and can be efficiently used in a low resistance and high output electrochemical capacitor by increasing the filling density of the conductive material with excellent conductivity.
Publication number: US2013037756A1 | Search similar patents
Fabrication of electrochemical capacitors based on inkjet printing
An electrochemical capacitor includes a first electrode including a first flexible substrate, a second electrode including a second flexible substrate, and an electrolyte. The first electrode includes a first layer of single-walled carbon nanotubes inkjetted on the first flexible substrate and a layer of first nanowires disposed on the first layer of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The second electrode includes a second layer of single-walled carbon nanotubes inkjetted on the second flexible substrate and a layer of second nanowires disposed on the second layer of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The electrolyte is sandwiched between the layer of first nanowires and the layer of second nanowires to form the electrochemical capacitor. A flexible energy storage device includes a first flexible substrate, a second flexible substrate, and one or more electrochemical capacitors formed between the first flexible substrate and the second flexible substrate. The flexible energy storage device can be wearable.
Publication number: US2011304955A1 | Search similar patents
Fibril composite electrode for electrochemical capacitors
Composite electrodes comprising carbon nanofibers (fibrils) and an electrochemically active material are provided for use in electrochemical capacitors. The fibril composite electrodes exhibit high conductivity, improved efficiency of active materials, high stability, easy processing, and increase the performance of the capacitor. A method for producing the composite electrodes for use in electrochemical capacitors is also provided.
Publication number: EP1118090A1 | Search similar patents
Apparatus and associated methods
An electrode, the electrode including a conducting layer configured to act, in use, as a charge collector to provide an electrical path for generated and/or stored charge through the conducting layer; a barrier layer, the barrier layer configured to cover a portion of a surface of said conducting layer such that, when the electrode is in contact with an electrolyte, the electrolyte is prevented from substantially contacting and corroding the conducting layer at the covered portion; and an active electrode element configured for use in generation and/or storing charge, the active electrode element positioned in a non-covered portion in electrical contact with the conducting layer to prevent the electrolyte from substantially contacting and corroding the conducting layer in the non-covered portion and to also be exposed to said electrolyte to allow for the generation and/or storage of charge and provide the generated/stored charge to the conducting layer.
Publication number: US2013309527A1 | Search similar patents
A hybrid aqueous energy storage device
A hybrid aqueous battery/supercapacitor electrical storage device, wherein a double layer capacitance is integrated with an intercalated mechanism to form a hybrid system. The lithium-ion intercalated compounds are used as positive electrode material. Activated carbon, mesoporous carbon and carbon and carbon nanotubes, etc. are used as negative electrode material. A lithium-ion containing aqueous solution is used as electrolyte.
Publication number: WO2006111079A1 | Search similar patents
Two-step synthesis of manganese oxide nanostructures on carbon for supercapacitor applications
A process to deposit a conformal coating of manganese oxide nanocrystals within a high surface area connected pore structure of a carbon paper electrode. A two-step process is utilized. In the first step the carbon paper electrode is immersed in an alkaline manganese oxide solution to form a nanocrystal seed layer on the surface and within the pores of the carbon paper. In the second step the seeded carbon paper is immersed in an acidic manganese oxide solution. The result is a densely packed continuous conformal nanocrystal coating both on the surface of the carbon and deep within its pores. The carbon paper is highly suitable for use as an electrode in a supercapacitor.
Publication number: US2012014037A1 | Search similar patents
Hybrid electrochemical capacitor
Hybrid electrochemical capacitors, electronic devices using such capacitors, and associated methods are disclosed. In an example, a hybrid electrochemical capacitor can include a first electrode made from Mg, Na, Zn, Al, Sn, or Li, a second electrode made from a porous material such as porous carbon or passivated porous silicon, and an electrolyte. The hybrid electrochemical capacitors can have enhanced voltage and energy density compared to other electrochemical capacitors, and enhanced power density compared to batteries.
Publication number: US2015179356A1 | Search similar patents
Mesoporous nanocrystalline film architecture for capacitive storage devices
A mesoporous, nanocrystalline, metal oxide construct particularly suited for capacitive energy storage that has an architecture with short diffusion path lengths and large surface areas and a method for production are provided. Energy density is substantially increased without compromising the capacitive charge storage kinetics and electrode demonstrates long term cycling stability. Charge storage devices with electrodes using the construct can use three different charge storage mechanisms immersed in an electrolyte: (1) cations can be stored in a thin double layer at the electrode/electrolyte interface (non-faradaic mechanism); (2) cations can interact with the bulk of an electroactive material which then undergoes a redox reaction or phase change, as in conventional batteries (faradaic mechanism); or (3) cations can electrochemically adsorb onto the surface of a material through charge transfer processes (faradaic mechanism).
Publication number: WO2010144153A2 | Search similar patents
Nickel-cobalt supercapacitors and methods of making same
Improved capacitors containing novel electrodes are described. One electrode composition comprises mixed metal oxides of the transition metals nickel and cobalt in a molar ratio of 0.5:1 or greater, and optionally containing a binder and carbon nanotubes. The resulting capacitors can be characterized by superior properties including higher specific capacitance values at higher voltage scan rates than the prior art. Methods of forming the electrodes that produce superior results are also described.
Publication number: WO2011011561A1 | Search similar patents
Charge storage device architecture for increasing energy and power density
The present invention relates generally to charge storage devices with at least one electrode having combined double layer supercapacitor, electrochemical supercapacitor and/or battery functionalities. In some embodiments, the electrode, may be composed of an ECS material, a highly-structured DLS material and a less-structured DLS material.
Publication number: US2011255214A1 | Search similar patents
Electrokinetic pump having capacitive electrodes
An electrokinetic pump achieves high and low flow rates without producing significant gaseous byproducts and without significant evolution of the pump fluid. A first feature of the pump is that the electrodes in the pump are capacitive with a capacitance of at least 104 Farads/cm2. A second feature of the pump is that it is configured to maximize the potential across the porous dielectric material. The pump can have either or both features.
Publication number: US2004074768A1 | Search similar patents