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Hydrogen patents

Laura HorcajadaLaura Horcajada

Apparatus for measuring radiation dosage of charged particle and imaging apparatus


The present invention relates to an apparatus for measuring a radiation dosage of a charged particle and an imaging apparatus. According to the present invention, it is possible to adjust the energy intensity of a proton or baryon beam emitted from a nozzle beam according to the variation in water depth within a water phantom box, and to obtain a desired proton- or baryon-based object image required for treatment planning.

Publication number: WO2014193110A1 | Search similar patents

Scalable high efficiency nuclear fusion energy source

This invention combines minor, but not obvious, adaptations of available and, for this field, relatively simple hardware that primarily uses the least power-hungry electrostatic (rather than mainly magnetic) control of accelerated colliding beams of bare deuterium nuclei in three-dimensionally pre-determined collision attitudes that are now found by new research to offer a method (with required apparatus) of fusing directly to helium four with high efficiency release of the greatest possible single-step free energy of fusion in kinetic energy of helium four charged nuclei and with minimized side-effects (if any) of wasted energy and troublesome output products in neutrons, radiation, helium three or tritium nuclei, and plasma electrons. This invention can be combined with the most efficient prior art in deuterium ion sources, continued fusion processes, output power conversion, and full reactor assembly at any scale from laboratory experiments to industrial power networks.

Publication number: US2012076253A1 | Search similar patents

Methods of generating energetic particles using nanotubes and articles thereof

There is disclosed a method of generating energetic particles, which comprises contacting nanotubes with a source of hydrogen isotopes, such as D2O, and applying activation energy to the nanotubes. In one embodiment, the hydrogen isotopes comprises protium, deuterium, tritium, and combinations thereof. There is also disclosed a method of transmuting matter that is based on the increased likelihood of nuclei interaction for atoms confined in the limited dimensions of a nanotube structure, which generates energetic particles sufficient to transmute matter and exposing matter to be transmuted to these particles.

Publication number: EP1958208A2 | Search similar patents

A system and process for extracting and collecting substances from a molecular combination

A system and process are provided for extracting a substance from a molecular combination. The process comprises heating the molecular combination to dissociate the molecular combination into cations and anions, moving the cations and anions through a magnetic field to separate cations and anions, and isolating cations from anions with a barrier. The system comprises a non-conductive conduit for guiding an ionized particle stream, a magnetic field source for creating a magnetic field through which the ionized particle stream moves, and a barrier located in the conduit. The ionized particle stream has a velocity relative to the conduit, and the magnetic field source is oriented relative to the velocity of the ionized particle stream so that cations are separated from anions as the ionized particle stream moves through the magnetic field. The barrier is oriented in the conduit so that cations are isolated from anions after separation.

Publication number: US2008017514A1 | Search similar patents

Process for obtaining energy from the mass-energy equivalence at the formation of protons and neutrons

In this process, electron beams or proton beams are directed against one another at a velocity of greater than 0.5c in relation to the apparatus, so that contrary to the unproven dogma of the 'addition theorem' relative mutual velocities of electrons or protons of greater than c occur. In this case, the repulsive force between like charges reverses its direction and becomes an attractive force. Due to this change in the magnitude and direction of the accelerations of the particles, radiations are excited whose energy is equivalent to the change in the masses of three electrons into the mass of one proton. This flux of electromagnetic energy is used for the purposes of energy output using known methods.

Publication number: EP0049816A3 | Search similar patents

Microwave nucleon-electron-bonding spin alignment and alteration of materials

A microwave energy emitter (108) is positioned in a microwave transparent chamber (123) within a material holding vessel (106) of a microwave containment vessel (122). The holding vessel (106) may be transparent to microwave energy and is further provided with a microwave reflective component outward, on, or beyond an exterior surface (121) of the wall of the holding vessel (106). The microwave reflective component reflects microwaves back into the fluid holding vessel (106). The fluid holding vessel (106) encloses a material that absorbs microwave energy. An inlet path (116) and outlet path (112) is provided for the material to flow in and out of the vessel upon predetermined conditions. Heated material can be condensed via a condenser (124) into a collection vessel (120). A controller (126) is provided to send control signals to a switching device (100) for controlling the material flow and receiving sensing signals for decision generation.

Publication number: US2007095823A1 | Search similar patents

Method and apparatus for the production of energy

A proton held aligned in a sufficiently strong magnetic field maintaining the low energy state for the body can be decayed with cyclic 2 Hz radio waves to provide one of three types of energy: fusion, gravity waves and anti-gravity, and particle-antiparticle annihilation. New elements may also be formed as a result of the ability to rapidly decay protons at room temperature.

Publication number: EP1581953A1 | Search similar patents

Modulated quantum neutron fusion

The patent applied for in this application pertains to the production of neutrons by the excitation of hydrogen atom valence electrons to the quantum state of a neutron, the synchronization of the quantity and rate of the production of those neutrons in order to synchronize their half-life decays for use in a fusion reaction, the use of phase alignment of the particle field oscillations to precipitate nuclear binding in a fusion reaction, and the direct conversion of the energy from this process into electricity, along with the synthesis of other desired elements and decontamination of hazardous radioactive elements.

Publication number: US2004017874A1 | Search similar patents

Method and apparatus for reducing the radioactivity of a particle

A method and apparatus for reducing the radioactivity of a particle is disclosed. The method comprises the steps of: accelerating one or more first particle(s) comprising one or more neutron(s), proton(s) and electron(s) to a first velocity; colliding the accelerated particles(s) with one or more second particles in a collision zone located within a housing causing the first particle(s) and second particle(s) to form one or more collision mass(es) comprising alpha particles and electrons or/and protons and electrons, and in which substantially all neutrons of the first or second particles are converted into alpha particles or/and protons and electrons as a result of the collision; controlling the position of the collision mass(es) with electric or/and magnetic fields; and exhausting the collision mass from the housing wherein the collision mass comprises substantially only alpha particles or/and protons and electrons.

Publication number: WO2008068466A2 | Search similar patents

Proton generator apparatus for isotope production

The invention relates to a particle producing apparatus adapted to utilize a star mode of inertial electrostatic confinement of a glow discharge induced ion and neutral gas mixture of fusible low atomic number isotope species to generate protons or neutrons in a macro linear geometry, the apparatus comprising a hermetically sealed vessel of generally prismatic form having an inner surface and a central axis, within which vessel is disposed an elongate anode electrode structure surrounding an elongate cathode electrode structure having a perimeteral surface provided with apertures therein, the anode and cathode structures being substantially concentric along at least a part of their lengths and substantially coaxial with the vessel such that, during operation, the star mode beams of ions and high kinetic energy neutrals have a general direction of motion which is aligned substantially radially to a central axis of the vessel. The inner vacuum vessel wall incorporates a fluid conduit structure with an inner facing anode wall of a thickness sufficiently minimized to permit the energetic protons to traverse from the inner region of the vessel to the fluid target which incorporates isotopes that can be transmuted by proton collision reactions to become isotopes favored by practitioners of Positron Emission Tomography for example.

Publication number: EP1800315A1 | Search similar patents

Method for generating neutrally charged stable compound particles beyond the range of the first family of matter

A method for generating neutrally charged stable compound particles employing a particle accelerator. The observation of a proportional relationship between the rest masses of all three families of matter led to a threefold extension of the periodic table of the elements, from the first family to the other two, and to the discovery of an energy well of fundamental particles (quarks/leptons) that is centered on the Z0 boson, similar to that of binding energies centered on iron 56. This led to an explanation for hadron perpetuity, and to the discovery of the mechanism that governs the transformation of hadrons of lower mass (protons/neutrons) to those of higher mass (omega minus, et al). This, in turn, led to conclusions about the role of weak bosons in matter/antimatter transformations, and to the controversial proposition that entropy, a universal condition of the expanding universe, is transposed to its antithetical counterpart, antropy, in the contracting environments of a neutron stellar core or black hole.

Publication number: US2005242275A1 | Search similar patents

Microwave nucleon-electron-bonding spin alignment and alteration of materials

A microwave energy emitter (108) is positioned in a microwave transparent chamber (123) within a material holding vessel (106) of a microwave containment vessel (122). The holding vessel (106) may be transparent to microwave energy and is further provided with a microwave reflective component outward, on, or beyond an exterior surface (121) of the wall of the holding vessel (106). The microwave reflective component reflects microwaves back into the fluid holding vessel (106). The fluid holding vessel (106) encloses a material that absorbs microwave energy. An inlet path (116) and outlet path (112) is provided for the material to flow in and out of the vessel upon predetermined conditions. Heated material can be condensed via a condenser (124) into a collection vessel (120). A controller (126) is provided to send control signals to a switching device (100) for controlling the material flow and receiving sensing signals for decision generation.

Publication number: US2009134152A1 | Search similar patents

Magnitites pycnonuclear reactions within electrochemical, radioactive and electromagnetic medias

The electrochemically active elements of the transition series include both the third, fourth and fifth d block elements, the lanthanides and the actinides. These transition elements have distinct electrochemistry for driving many chemical reactions, in particular the absorption of large volumes of hydrogen and the formation of various hydrides. In particular, Pd, Th, Ti, Ag, Au and La hydrides exhibit anomalous effects. The chemical reactions for forming, decomposing and rearranging the bonds of metal hydrides involve large energies. Furthermore these metal hydrides and mixtures are here demonstrated to exhibit greater strange cold nuclear reactions both cold fission and cold fusion. This invention provides magnetic, x-ray, laser irradiation, pressure, neutron beam, beta ray, alpha ray, gamma ray and catalytic technology for accommodating the special conditions for more controlled and accelerated cold nuclear reactions within the dense plasma (pycno) provided by the lattice of these metal hydrides. Under these conditions, the cold nuclear reactions are controllably enhanced to rates for practical energy sources but the very nonsynergistic nature of these pycnonuclear phenomena diminishes the possibility of runaway or explosive systems.

Publication number: US2014140461A1 | Search similar patents

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